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What does the IUNS 20th ICN logo represent?

The logo of the IUNS 20th International Congress of Nutrition is represented by a pomegranate, which seeds are extended within a World map as if they were countries, Spain being the centre. It also represents “Granada” the city in which the congress will be held. We also wanted to represent the pomegranate as a symbol of a rich food, and of fertility, prosperity, hope, abundance and love as accepted for all peoples and beliefs thought the history of the human being. Combining the seeds –countries- all together we tried to “Joining Cultures Through Nutrition”.

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A little bit of history around the “Granada”

Pomegranate, Punica granatum in Latin, derives from the Middle French “pomme garnete”, literally "seeded apple”. The pomegranate was known in early English as "apple of Grenada" - a term which today survives only in heraldic blazons. This is a folk etymology, confusing Latin granatus with the name of the Spanish city of Granada, which derives from Arabic. The ancient city of Granada in Spain was renamed after the fruit during the Moorish period. The pomegranate (in Spanish, granada) is the heraldic device of Granada city.

Native to the area of Persia (modern day Iran), the pomegranate has been cultivated in the Caucasus since ancient times. From there it spread to Asian areas such as the Himalayas in Northern India. Today, it is widely cultivated throughout the Mediterranean region of southern Europe, the Middle East, northern Africa and tropical Africa, Indian subcontinent and the drier parts of southeast Asia. Introduced into Latin America and California by Spanish settlers in 1769, pomegranate is also cultivated in parts of California and Arizona.

Pomegranates have been cherished for their exquisite beauty, flavor, color and health benefits for centuries. During their 4000 year history, pomegranates have been symbols of prosperity, hope, and abundance in every part of the world. They have inspired historical leaders, brilliant authors, and famous artists. Their presence has been recorded in history, mythical lore, artistic and literary symbolism, and classic art. The pomegranate has been mentioned in many ancient texts, notably the Book of the Exodus, the Homeric Hymns and the Quran. Many scholars believe that the forbidden - yet irresistible - fruit in which Eve indulged within the Garden of Eden was actually a pomegranate and not an apple.

During the Persian wedding ceremony, a basket of pomegranates is placed on the ceremonial cloth to symbolize a joyous future. In Turkey, after the marriage ceremony, the bride throws a pomegranate on the ground. In Crete, when a bride enters her new home, the groom hands her a pomegranate. In China, a picture of a ripe, open pomegranate is a popular wedding present, expressing the wish, "May you have as many children as there are seeds!"

Ancient Egyptians buried their dead person with pomegranates because they believe they offered eternal life. Egyptians regarded also the pomegranate as a symbol of prosperity and ambition. According to the Ebers Papyrus, one of the oldest medical writings from around 1500 BC, Egyptians used the pomegranate for treatment of tapeworm and other infections.

Ancient Greek mythology, the pomegranate was also known as the "fruit of the dead".They were offered to Demeter and to the other gods for fertile land, for the spirits of the dead and in honor of compassionate Dionysus. Pomegranates were placed under/near the home altar of the house, as a symbol of abundance, fertility and good luck.

Cultures and religions in the world, all agree that the pomegranates are the symbols of prosperity, fertility and love. In Ancient Israel, pomegranates were brought to Moses to demonstrate the fertility of the "promised land". Pomegranates are a motif in Christian religious decoration; they are symbols of the fullness of Jesus suffering and resurrection. According the Quran, pomegranates grow in the gardens of paradise and mentions as good thing God created. Pomegranates are also associated to abundance and marriage, imply love and fertility and became the emblem of prosperity and numerous progeny.

Pomegranates also featured in mythology and traditions as associated to good health.


Packed with antioxidants equal to those in green tea and red wine, and especially loaded with Vitamin C and Potassium, pomegranates are said to help: